“Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.” (Albert Einstein, 1940’s)
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) is generally considered the most influential physicist and scientist in history. While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (alternatively known as “the world’s most famous equation”) as well as his theories on relativity, he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his services to theoretical physics, especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect. The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory within physics.
While visiting the United States in 1933, Hitler rose to power in Germany, and Einstein chose not to go back, settling in the U.S. and becoming a naturalized citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he helped alert President Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon, and recommended that the U.S. begin similar research – this eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein was in support of defending the Allies, but largely rejected using the novel discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Subsequently, together with Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.
In his lifetime, Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. His great intelligence and originality have made the word “Einstein” synonymous with genius. He even had quite a knack for the selection of stylish reading glasses … what couldn’t he do?